Hyperthyroidism signs and symptoms

Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland overproduces thyroid hormones, primarily thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones play a crucial role in regulating metabolism throughout the body. When there is an excess of thyroid hormones, it can lead to a variety of signs and symptoms.

Here are some common signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism:

1. Weight loss: Unexplained weight loss despite a normal or increased appetite is a classic symptom of hyperthyroidism. This is because an overactive thyroid speeds up the body's metabolism, causing increased calorie burning.

2. Increased heart rate and palpitations: Excess thyroid hormones can speed up the heart rate, leading to a rapid or irregular heartbeat. You may feel your heart pounding or fluttering in your chest.

3. Heat intolerance and excessive sweating: People with hyperthyroidism often find themselves feeling hot and sweaty, even in cool environments. They may also experience increased sensitivity to heat.

4. Nervousness and restlessness: Hyperthyroidism can cause feelings of anxiety, irritability, and restlessness. You may find it difficult to relax or concentrate.

5. Tremors and muscle weakness: Fine tremors in the hands and fingers, as well as generalized muscle weakness, are common symptoms of hyperthyroidism.These symptoms may affect your ability to perform tasks that require fine motor skills.

6. Fatigue and weakness: Paradoxically, despite the increased metabolism, some people with hyperthyroidism may experience fatigue and weakness. This may be due to the strain on the body from the accelerated metabolism.

7. Changes in bowel movements: Hyperthyroidism can cause an increase in bowel movements and diarrhea. Some individuals may experience loose stools or more frequent trips to the bathroom.

8. Swelling in the neck: In some cases, hyperthyroidism can cause the thyroid gland to enlarge, resulting in a visible swelling in the front of the neck known as a goiter.It's important to note that not everyone with hyperthyroidism will experience all of these symptoms, and the severity of symptoms can vary from person to person. If you suspect you may have hyperthyroidism, it is essential to visit a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

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